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 IRCALC - Journal Library of African Writing 


Use the links to preview essays published in the journals of Critical Studies [CS], African Literature [JAL] and New Poetry [NP]

You may order from an online bookstore or contact the publishers for bulk quotation.



Akachi Ezeigbo
Male Authority, Female Alterity: Representations of Womanhood in Ezeigbo’s Children of the Eagle


Ama Ata Aidoo
*Three (Neo)colonial Male Characters of Ama Ata Aidoo

*Cultural Translation in Ama Ata Aidoo's The Dilemma of a Ghost


Aminatta Forna . Donato Ndongo

*African spaces in European places: Aminatta Forna’s *Ancestor Stones and Donato Ndongo’s Shadows of Your Black Memory


Aminata Sow Fall
*African Mythic Context and Postmodern Philosophy in Aminata Sow Fall's Le Jujubier du patriarche


Angolan Writing
*Writers of Angola Crying in the Desert: António Joaquim de Miranda, Pedro da Paixão Franco and António de Assis Júnior


August Wilson

“Genealogies of the Spirit”: Ancestral Reclamation in the Dramas of August Wilson


Ayi Kwei Armah

*Provincialising Old Centres and Remaking the African Myth

*Nationhood and Otherness in Ayi Kwei Armah’s The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born


Ben Okri

Memory and Palimpsestic Time in Ben Okri’s Famished Road


Bessie Head . Yvonne Vera.   Neshani Andreas

*Shades of Utter(ing) Silences in The Purple Violet of Oshaantu, Maru, and Under the Tongue



*Poetics of Diaspora: “La ca't,” Surrealism, and Métissage in Bessora's 53 cm
*Representing “les multitudes”: Resisting Normative Definitions of Gender and Sexuality in Bessora's Deux bébés et l'addition (Two Babies and the Bill)


Biyi Bandele-Thomas . Chin Ce . Phaswane Mpe
*Oral Collage and Multidimensional Perspectives in the novels of Chin Ce, Phaswane Mpe and Biyi-Bandele Thomas


Buchi Emecheta
*Buchi Emecheta's Destination Biafra: Feminist (Re-) Writing of the Nigerian Civil War

Buchi Emecheta . Nadine Gordimer . Yvonne Vera
*Remembering the Past: Conflict and War in Nadine *Gordimer's None to Accompany Me, Yvonne Vera's The Stone Virgins and Buchi Emecheta's Destination Biafra


Camara Laye . Chin Ce
*Orature and Oratorical Teaching Strategies in African Literature: The Examples of Laye Camara and Chin Ce


Cheikh Hamidou Kane
*Colonisation and African Modernity in Cheikh Hamidou Kane's Ambiguous Adventure


Chin Ce
*Memory, Transition and Dialogue: The Cyclic Order of Chin Ce’s Oeuvres
*'Closer to Wordsworth': Nature and Pain in Chin Ce's Full Moon poems

*Violence and Oral Metaphors in Chin Ce’s Gamji College

*Beyond Subjectificatory Structures: Chin Ce 'in the season of another life'

Chinua Achebe
*Post-Colonial Literatures and the Ongoing Process of 'Writing Back’
*Creating Identity out of the Postcolonial Void
*Tradition and Modernity: Gender Crisis in Chinua Achebe's No Longer at Ease and Anthills of the Savannah
*Aesthetic Transfer in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart
*Indigenous Legal Regimes in Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God
*Crisis of Identity in Chinua Achebe’s A Man of the People


Edward Brathwaite
*The Arrivants and the Trope of Cultural Foetal Searching

Fela Anikulapo Kuti
*The Revolutionary Lyrics of Fela Anikulapo Kuti


Femi Osofisan
*Antigone as Revolutionary Muse. Fémi Òsófisan's
Tègònni: an African Antigone

*Femi Osofisan’s Protreptic


Ferdinand Oyono . Ngugi wa Thiong'o
*The Child hero: A Comparative Study of Ngugi's Weep not, child and Oyono's Houseboy


Festus Iyayi

*Fiction as Praxis: Exploring Iyayi’s Marxist Aesthetics


Fred D’Aguiar

British Racial Problems and the Poetry of Fred D’Aguiar


Flora Nwapa  .  Buchi Emecheta

*Igbo Cultural Representations in Female Fictional Contexts: Flora Nwapa and Buchi Emecheta


JM Coetzee  
*Moderated Bliss’: Coetzee's Disgrace as Existential Maturation
*Post-Colonial Literatures as Counter-Discourse: J.M. Coetzee's Foe
and the Reworking of the Canon

*The Enigma of Coetzee

Khalid Ibrahim 'Uways
*Representing Conflict, Imagining Consensus: Race, Gender and Nation in Khalid Ibrahim 'Uways's Dance under the Rain


JN Nkengasong .
*Memory and Trauma in John Nkemngong Nkengasong's Across the Mongolo


Joe Ushie . Ademola Dasylva
*Socio-Linguistic Innovation in Modern Poetry




LeAnne Howe . Chin Ce
*Bi-living, Time and Space: LeAnne Howe’s Shell Shaker and Chin Ce’s The Visitor


Lucy Dlamini . Sembene Ousmane
*The Feminist Impulse of Lucy Dlamini (The Amaryllis) and Sembene Ousmane (God’s bits of Wood)


Meja Mwangi
*A Handcuff to History: Reconstruction of Mau-Mau Uprising in Meja Mwangi's Carcase For Hounds 


Mia Couto  
*Mia Couto and the Holistic Choric Self: Recreating the Broken Cosmic Order (Or: Relearning the Song that Truly Speaks…)


Miriam Makeba
*The Miriam Makeba Story


Mongo Beti .  VS Naipaul .
*Failed Heroes and Failed Memories: Between the alternatives of V.S. Naipaul’s Biswas and Mongo Beti’s Medza


New Kenyan Writers

*The Narratives of Binyavanga Wainaina and Yvonne Owuor


Nadine Gordimer

*Can the Subaltern Speak? Language and the Crisis of Identity in Nadine Gordimer’s  July’s People


Nadine Gordimer . Yvonne Vera . Buchi Emecheta

Remembering the Past: Conflict and War in Nadine Gordimer's None to Accompany Me, Yvonne Vera's The Stone Virgins and Buchi Emecheta's Destination Biafra


Naguib Mahfouz

*“Imperfect Sympathy”: Naguib Mahfouz and the Portrait of the Nubian


Ngugi wa Thiong'o

*Ngugi's Marxist Aesthetics


Niyi Osundare

*Song of the Season: Osundare's Lamentation for the Dead and Living


Niyi Osundare . Ademola Dasylva

*History, Memory and Tradition in African Poetry


Nurrudin Farah
*Dis-location of the Self and Definition of the Other in Nurrudin Farah's Maps

Odia Ofeimun
*Revolutionary Strategies: The Poetry Of Odia Ofeimun


Ola Rotimi . Femi Osofisan
*Femi Osofisan’s The Chattering and The Song and Ola Rotimi’s Hopes of The Living Dead


Ola Rotimi

Gender Issues in Ola Rotimi’s Drama


Oral Literatures  
*Njange Wan: Birth Songs of Oku Women of Cameroun
*Riddle and Bash: The Creative Wit of Alaa's Children
*Igbo Oral Poetry

*Theory in Praxis: Matrifocal Feminism and The Lianja Epic
Rhythms of Combat: Re-visioning Igbo-Biafran War Songs
*Conflict Resolution in Oral Literature: A Review of Yorùbá Satirical Songs


Ossie Enekwe   

*Broken Humanity: The Poetry of Osmond Ossie Enekwe

*Feminine Archetypes in Ossie Enekwe's Poetry

*Eco-critical Spaces: The Natural landscape of New Nigerian Poetry

*Post-colonial Power Tensions in West African Poetry


Ousmane Sembene
*Portrait of a Contemporary Griot: Orality in the Films and Novels of Ousmane Sembène
*Entretien avec Sembene Ousmane [Discussions with Sembene Ousmane


Sefi Atta . Isabel Allende

*Colonial chattel, Postcolonial whores: The African daughters of Sefi Atta and Isabel Allende


Shadrack Ambanasom
*Shakespeare and Ambanasom


Sindiwe Magona

*Sindiwe Magona: Interrogating Black Township Life in Apartheid South Africa


Stella Osammor . Aminata Sow Fall
*The Gender Conflict in African Literature: A Reading of The Beggars' Strike and The Triumph of the Water Lily


Tanure Ojaide 
*The Mythography of Tanure Ojaide's Poetry

*Ojaide's Proverbs



Tess Onwueme 
*Cultural Translation in Osonye Tess Onwueme's The Missing Face


Rethinking Feminism and the African Woman’s Identity in Tess Onwueme’s Tell it to Women


Toni Morrison

The Search for Female Subjectivity in Toni Morrison's Bluest Eye


Toni Morrison . Alice Walker . Assata Shakur

Resisting Exclusion in African American Writing


*Creating Identity out of the Postcolonial Void

Yvonne Vera
*The Narratives of a Twice-Betrayed People: Double Traumatization and the Decline of Nationalism in Yvonne Vera's The Stone Virgins


Wole Soyinka  
*Samuel Beckett, Wole Soyinka, and the Theatre of Desolate Reality



More:-  *The Conflict of  Ethnicity in Popular Zimbabwean Lyrics  *“Global flows”: Ethnographic Studies of the Hindi Movie in Africa .
           *The Trans-Cultural Affinities of African Art
    *Tradition and Creation: Oral Performance among the Graffi

The Construction of Heroism in Rwandese Insigamigani Texts

The District Commissioner in Colonial Africa: Hollywood, Empires and Reinvention of Patriarchy